Hon. John Moore (1659-1732) of SC & PA
By Terri Bradshaw O’Neill, © as previously published in the Moore/Stanford/Webb Chronicles, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1996
John Moore's memoirs report the ancestry of his great-grandfather, Hon. John Moore, as being descended from the Moores of Fawley in Berkshire, England. This lineage was repeated in various publications over the ensuing 175 years, and was virtually unchallenged until 1990 when an attempt was made to obtain the coat-of-arms of the Moores of Fawley from the College of Arms in London as a gift for a purported descendant of that family. Some explanation of the origins of the research conducted over the past five years is in order here. In the process of validating the lineage, the Lancaster Herald noted some discrepancies and set off a flurry of correspondence among several researchers and descendants of Hon. John Moore. The College of Arms in London, unlike the companies in this country that routinely produce generic surname, computer generated coats-of-arms on request, could not verify the lineage as it was presented. The question was, which was the correct coat-of-arms: ten crosses, crosslet (the only device used by the American Moores) or the moorcock of the Moores of Fawley? The Herald at the College of Arms asked for any proof that could be supplied from this country and wanted to know what sources were used to make the claim of connection to the Moores of Fawley. When I was contacted at that point, I had to admit that I had been relying on the information provided by David Moore Hall's book, Six Centuries of Moores of Fawley, published in 1904, and had never checked the sources or tried to obtain primary evidence to support the claims therein. I agreed to help in locating any proof available in this country to substantiate the reported ancestry of John Moore, which quest sent me to repositories of manuscript collections in North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania and New York.
The emigrant ancestor and subject of this study is often referred to as Hon. John Moore, a title no doubt acquired as a result of some of his many appointments in Colonial Pennsylvania. He was Deputy-judge of the Vice-Admiralty and Attorney General of Pennsylvania.1 The title also serves to distinguish among the several men of the same name in four generations: Hon. John Moore of South Carolina & Pennsylvania; his eldest son, Col. John Moore of NY; eldest son of Col. John Moore, John; and John Moore, Esq. of NY, the author of the Memoirs.
One of the strongest arguments for the connection between Hon. John Moore and the Moores of Fawley, other than John Moore's Memoirs, was Hall's Six Centuries. David Moore Hall had obviously used John Moore's Memoirs in compiling his work as well [as] information supplied by other family historians of Moore descent. He cited these sources as authorities and also included several editions of Sir John Bernard Burke's work, such as Extinct Baronetcies (1844), Peerage (1834), Peerage (18 52), Commoners (1833-38), Landed Gentry (1847 & 1886) and Extinct Peerage (18 3 1). Today, Burke's works are considered somewhat unreliable on their own, must be regarded with a degree of skepticism and substantiated with other records. One source in particular that Hall used, Horace Wemyss Smith's The Life and Correspondence of Dr. William Smith, D. D., is rife with errors regarding the Moore lineage and is the source of a particularly virulent piece of misinformation: that Hon. John Moore and Gov. James Moore of South Carolina were brothers. That they were not is proven by a letter (circa 1850) from Thomas William Channing Moore to Rev. Dr. Francis Lister Hawks, who was compiling a history of the Carolinas, in which he states: "I did not find any evidence to show that this John Moore was related to Gov. James Moore. He [John] was of English, and not Irish family."2 David Moore Hall in his discussion of the differing coats of arms, states: "our descent .. is abundantly proved by the impalement of arms in Christ Church deeds in 1695 ... from the seal of the Hon. John Moore" and "In 1770, Captain Thomas William Moore, British Army, upon one of his frequent visits to England, brought from the Herald's College, a document containing the arms, crest and motto of Sir John Moore [of Fawley], the then baronet, and possibly the pedigree filed by Nicholas Moore in 1569, and Ashmole's Visitation of Berks, in 1664, used later by Mr. Burke. These arms corresponded in every detail with those already in use by the family in America, and the impalement in Christ Church deeds in 1695." That sounds thoroughly authoritative and convincing. However, neither the "impalement of arms in Christ Church deeds" nor the 1770 visit of Thomas William Moore to the College of Arms can be verified, despite extensive efforts to do so. I have personally inspected two of the original parchment deeds of Christ Church, Philadelphia, dated 1702. They contain the signature of John Moore as a witness to the conveyance, but there was no seal affixed by John Moore. The text of one of the deeds bears the dates of earlier transactions concerning the property, namely 1688, 1689, and 1695/6. There is no way of knowing if David M. Hall actually saw these deeds, but I suspect he did not. They are the only original deeds extant at Christ Church Archives. In addition to seeing those deeds in person, I have also read and transcribed the microfilmed copies of those deeds and several other conveyances of Christ Church property. The person selling or transferring the land affixes a seal with his signature. John Moore was never the seller in any of the conveyances, but was a witness and therefore only his signature appears. Mr. Hall apparently explained away the discrepancies of the coats of arms to his own satisfaction, but his documentation doesn't stand up to scrutiny.
What's Wrong With This Picture?
The Lancaster Herald of the College of Arms in London, Mr. Peter Gwynn-Jones, reported that the parish records of Fawley and several probate jurisdictions were searched for verification of the lineage. The result of those searches was that not a shred of evidence was found to support a connection between the families of John Moore in America and the Moores of Fawley. Additionally, the research led to the exposure of a glaring error in the lineage, namely the assertion of a marriage between one Francis Moore of Fawley and Mary Cary daughter of Edward, supposed to have occurred in 1655. This Francis Moore and Mary Cary were supposed to be the parents of our emigrant ancestor, John Moore, born in 1659. However, the Herald pointed out the impossibility of this marriage. The Cary lineage indeed shows a Mary, daughter of Edward, but she was born 50 years after the alleged marriage. This error along with the Herald's inability to reconcile the use of two different coats of arms in two branches of supposedly the same family indicated some serious mistakes had been made in the American Moore's genealogy. John Moore's memoirs state that "Sir John Moore was created Knight by King Charles the 1st on 21st May 1627". This is incorrect. The dignity of Baronet was conferred on one Henry Moore at that time and indeed, the Moores of Fawley were granted arms: Argent, a moorcock, sable, combed and warded, gules. However, the descendants of Hon. John Moore of South Carolina and Pennsylvania used as their coat of arms: ten crosses, crosslet. The Herald reported that "no Moores have ever been granted ten crosses, crosslet, leading to the speculation that the American branch simply assumed the use of that coat of arms without authority. As Mr. Gwynn-Jones put it, "...Thomas Moore [brother of Hon. John Moore] himself evidently made no claim to belong to that [Moores of Fawley] family, because when he erected the memorial to his wife in the Cloisters of Westminster Abbey, he displayed on it not the arms of Moore of Fawley but a modified version (apparently) of those of a Lancashire family of Moore." This was an important discrepancy, the implications of which were completely lost on me at first, being unfamiliar with the protocols of Heraldry. Mr. Gwynn-Jones patiently and diplomatically pointed out that, if they were the same family, they would use the same coat of arms with a difference, marks used to denote different sons or different branches. Several attempts have been made to locate a family that was granted ten crosses, crosslet as their coat of arms and then link them to a Moore family, including the Lancashire Moore family mentioned, but none has been successful. No example of Hon. John Moore ever having used the device of ten crosses, crosslet has been located, but as noted by the Herald, his brother in England and subsequent generations in America did. And, of course, John Moore's memoirs mention that his grandfather's "plate" carried a coat of arms. These are the examples of Moores using ten crosses, crosslet as their coat of arms that have been located:
~In 1720, John's brother, Thomas, the Librarian at Westminster Abbey in London, used it on a monumental inscription for his wife, Elizabeth, which can still be seen in the Little Cloisters.
~In 1738, Richard Moore (c. 1709-1738), a son of John Moore and his wife Rebecca (Axtell) Moore, died in Jamaica. In St. Andrew's Parish, Kingston, Jamaica, there is a monumental inscription engraved with the names of Richard Moore, Frances Martin and her husband John Martin, and a coat of arms showing the ten crosses, crosslet impaled with the arms of Martin (3 bendlets, a chief erm.).3 John Martin died in 1710 age 32, and Frances died 1714 age 33. Who were John and Frances Martin, and why were they memorialized with Richard Moore? Until this monumental inscription was located, Frances was unknown to Moore family historians, but the inscription connects her to the family in two ways: the coat of arms is the same as that being used by the American Moores, and she is memorialized with a known son of John & Rebecca. The prevailing theory (as yet unsubstantiated with primary evidence) is that Frances Martin was the daughter of John Moore by a first marriage, and thus Richard's half-sister. There is evidence that John Moore arrived in the Province of South Carolina in 1683 with a wife named Katherine.4 It is presumed that she died shortly after their arrival and John subsequently married Rebecca Axtell in about 1685. There are no extant parish records to provide evidence of Katherine's death or the marriage of John & Rebecca, but the proof of their marriage is in the Wills of John Moore and Rebecca's sister, Ann Boone.5 The monumental inscription in Jamaica indicates that Frances was born circa 1681. Records have been searched in England and Barbados for a marriage between John Moore and Katherine, a baptism of Frances or a marriage between Frances and John Martin, without success. Barbados was included in the search because it is believed that John Moore may have been there some time before his arrival in South Carolina. Richard Moore was born in 1709, a mere 5 years before the death of Frances Martin, but when he reached adulthood and went to Jamaica to seek his livelihood as a merchant and trader, one may suppose his father asked him to see to the grave of his long-dead kinswoman. In the process, perhaps he saw to his own mortal remains in arranging for the monumental inscription.
~In 1758, William Moore (1699-1783) of Moore Hall, Chester County, Pennsylvania, son of John & Rebecca, used ten crosses, crosslet on a seal for letters and documents. His father used two different seals on documents that have survived, but they are both ornamental rather than heraldic, and they depict neither ten crosses, crosslet nor the moorcock of the Moores of Fawley.6
~Lambert Moore (1727-1805) and Stephen Moore (1734-1799), both grandsons of John Moore and sons of Col. John Moore of NY, each had engraved bookplates depicting ten crosses, crosslet.
~John Moore, Esq. (1745-1828), the author of the Memoirs, had the same device on his bookplate.
A Case of Mistaken Lineage, or The 225-Year-Old Hoax
The Lancaster Herald was asked to verify the visit of Thomas William Moore to the "Herald's Office" in 1770. His report was as follows: "...I can confirm that such visits were (and still are) recorded and the records preserved. I have examined those for 1770, but I find that only two enquiries were received that year relating to persons or families of the name of Moore: the first, in July related to one Giles Moore of Middleton, co. Westmorland, no record of whom could be found, and the second, in August, to the family of Moore of Appleby, co. Leicester, whose pedigree had already been registered.", and "...I have examined the Waiting Books for the period from July 1767 to December 1776 without however finding any record of an enquiry relating to the Moores of Fawley.". If Thomas William Moore ever visited the College of Arms, he didn't ask for or receive the ancestry of Hon. John Moore of South Carolina and Pennsylvania, or indeed, even the lineage of the Moores of Fawley.
Another Small Problem
In the course of studying the Moores of Fawley, it became clear that the Moores in America7 did not adhere to traditional naming patterns prevalent in the early 18th century, if indeed they were connected to the Moores of Fawley. While there were many males of subsequent generations named Francis and Henry among the Moores of Fawley, the names do not appear among the Moores in America. Conversely, John, Thomas and Charles were frequently used names by the American Moores that do not appear among the Moores of Fawley. This was a small detail, but one of nagging concern.
Parallel Search or, If Not Moores of Fawley, Then Who?
Meanwhile, another search was being conducted in England by Bridget Lakin, a genealogist. After the 1992 Moore Family Reunion at West Point, at which many Moore descendants met for the first time, I was privileged to do some research in the Special Collections of the USMA Library. There was a Moore genealogy and a copy of the JM Pyne version of the Memoirs, submitted by Mr. Richard C. Moore of Mt. Kisco, NY. No one of his line had been at the Reunion for the simple reason that the organizers were not in contact with that branch of the family. As soon as I found his genealogy papers, I wrote to him. Unfortunately, he had died in the year prior to the Reunion, but his widow, Marjorie soon replied to my letter and a gracious exchange of information ensued. Her husband had seriously pursued the Moore lineage for many years and had engaged professional genealogists in Pennsylvania and England for the study. Marjorie Moore put me in contact with Bridget Lakin in London and thus made about a four-way research bridge between Moore descendants in the U.S., the Herald and Ms. Lakin. Her painstaking search of the parish records of St. Bride's, Fleet Street and St. Margaret's, Westminster in London resulted in the reconstruction of a Moore family which was consistent with the known facts of the life of Hon. John Moore (1659-1732). The following baptisms were registered, all children of John and Dorothy Moore:
John-1659, St. Bride's
Mary-1660, St. Bride's
Thomas-1662, St. Bride's
Richard-1664/5, St. Bride's
Dorothy-1666, St. Margaret's
Somerset-1670, St. Margaret's
[Ann-c.1675] No record was found among the records of either parish for this child but later Wills establish her as a sibling. No Will or probate has been located for the parents, John or Dorothy Moore. Wills of Thomas Moore, Ann (Moore) Sear and her husband, Richard Sear probated in England all serve to establish John, Thomas & Ann as siblings.8 The child with the distinctive name of Somerset provided the key link of circumstantial evidence to connect this family of Moores in London to the family of Hon. John Moore of Philadelphia. The baptismal and burial registers of Christ Church, Philadelphia record the baptism of "Somerset Moor, 19 July 1711, aged 5 days, son to John Moor" and the burial of "Sommersett, 4 Oct 1712, son of John & Rebecca Moore". This slender thread indicates that John Moore of Philadelphia named a son after his younger brother, as indeed, he had named other children after siblings Mary, Thomas and Richard. While this is not considered irrefutable proof, all taken together these facts present a solid case of the preponderance of the evidence that Hon. John Moore of South Carolina and Pennsylvania was the son of John and Dorothy Moore of London, and not a Moore of Fawley, co. Berkshire.
Is That All There Is?
Since this recent research has resulted in the loss of a long and rather distinguished lineage, and the substitution of an ancestry that extends only one generation beyond the emigrant ancestor, Hon. John Moore, what is left to do? One would hope to be able to find further information relating to John and Dorothy Moore, whose maiden name remains a mystery, in order to take the family back several more generations. Several leads have been followed in that pursuit without any positive results, but it should not be abandoned as a hopeless cause. Going in the opposite direction, that is, filling in the blanks of bringing all branches of descendants into the present time is an on-going project, as well. But there are a few other minor misconceptions that should be addressed to clean up the family history.
Tying Up Some Loose Ends
John Moore states in his memoirs that William Moore of Moore Hall, Pennsylvania, had two daughters who married Drs. Phineas and Thomas Bond. It is true that one of his daughters, Williamina, married Dr. Phineas Bond, but no evidence has been found of another daughter marrying Thomas Bond. William Moore wrote at least three versions of his Will. In one version dated 1773, he names all his living children and the children of his deceased sons, John and James W., but nowhere is there a mention of a daughter married to Dr. Thomas Bond.9
The next item of interest is John Moore's uncertainty about whether his grandfather, Col. John Moore, had any sisters. He had two: Rebecca, who in 1709 married John Evans, Lt. Governor of Pennsylvania; and Mary, who married circa 1715 Peter Evans, a cousin of John Evans, and Sheriff of Philadelphia. Rebecca and John Evans eventually left Philadelphia and lived in England & Wales.
In writing about his grandmother, Frances Lambert Moore, wife of Col. John Moore of New York, John Moore states that he thinks she was born in France and brought to New York as an infant. Records of the French Church indicate that her maternal granduncle, Gabriel Minveille, was in New York by 1691. Her father, Daniel (or Denis-a possible mistake in transcription) Lambert, died in September of 1691. Frances was born posthumously to her father's death, in April 1692. Curiously, Frances's baptism is not recorded in the French Church records, but all indications are she was born in New York. The Barberie connection mentioned in John Moore's memoirs occurs when her widowed mother, Frances (Brinkman) Lambert marries John Barberie in 1694.10
While we're making corrections, we might as well take a look at some of the educational claims of our American Moores. It seems as if every generation after the Hon. John Moore claims to have two or three offspring attending Oxford. First, let's examine Hon. John Moore himself. He was obviously a literate man to have obtained the appointments of Secretary of the Province of South Carolina, Prothonotary of SC, Deputy Judge of the Vice-Admiralty, and Attorney General of Pennsylvania, Register of Wills of PA, and Collector of Customs of the Port of Philadelphia. The fact that he is listed in Martin's Bench and Bar of Philadelphia as one of the earliest lawyers in the Province (1698) and an Advocate for the Crown implies an education at the Inns of Court in London. But no such records have been located. Perhaps a clue lies in the appointment of Prothonotary, which is defined as a chief clerk of any of various courts of law. Alumni lists of Oxford and Cambridge contain no record of his having attended either institution. He appears to have had powerful patronage to have been appointed to so many responsible positions, but his education remains shrouded in mystery. Educational records for some Moores have been located:
At Westminster School (Prep)
Thomas Moore, son of John, lawyer of Philadelphia
Thomas Moore, son of Col. John Moore of NY, and father of the author of the memoirs. The information given in the school records is inconclusive as to the identity of this student. Making allowances for John Moore's imperfect recall, it's likely the record refers to his father.
Thomas Moore, son of John, lawyer of Philadelphia, admitted Trinity Coll. 1709, age 18; B.A.-1712-13; M.A--1716; D.D.-1733; incorp. at Oxford-1753.
Charles Moore, son of Rev. Thomas Moore (above), admitted to Trinity Coll. 1759, age 16
John Moore, son of Daniel of Great Marlow, Bucks, Merton Coll. 1755, age 18 (This is a grandson of Hon. John Moore)
Lambert Moore, son of Daniel of Kingston, Jamaica, University Coll. 1808, age 17 (a great-great grandson of Hon. John Moore)
Thomas, son of Thomas of London, doctor, Worcester Coll. 1753, age 15 (nephew of Hon. John Moore)
Thomas William Moore, son of Thomas William of New York, Worcester Coll. 1788, age 19 (the son of the alleged 1770 visitor to the College of Arms & great-grandson of Hon. John Moore)
Notable by Their Absence
These Moores were said to have been educated in England but do not appear in the alumni lists of Oxford, Cambridge, Westminster School or St. Paul's (both prepatory schools): Daniel Moore, son of Hon. John Moore, and later Member of Parliament for Great Marlow, Bucks.
William Moore, son of Hon. John Moore
Stephen Moore, son of Col. John Moore of NY
Once again, it is obvious that both these men were well educated. William was a Member of the Provincial Assembly of Pennsylvania, Justice of the Peace and President of the County Courts of Chester. His Will, written in his own hand, is almost lyrical in his tribute to his wife, Williamina. As for Stephen Moore, his many extant letters show a literary style of writing as well as a beautiful hand indicating a classical education. I suspect that he was taught at home or privately tutored. Searches of alumni lists of the colleges in existence during the pertinent time period, such as Harvard, Yale, Princeton, etc. have produced no record of his having attended any of those schools. There are certainly hundreds of other schools in England whose records are difficult to access, if they survive, so the search is by no means complete.
In Tribute to John Moore, Esquire, of New York
Using a variety of other sources, listed in the Selected Bibliography, many of the facts stated in John Moore's memoirs have been confirmed, while others have been found to be slightly off the mark. In my judgment, other than the English ancestry of Hon. John Moore, the majority of the memoirs are remarkably accurate & without exaggeration or embellishment. Nearly 175 years after John Moore, near the end of his life, penned the history of his family as he knew it, the descendants of Hon. John Moore must assuredly be grateful that he took the time to leave us this legacy. It is now incumbent upon us to make the alterations to set the record straight for future generations.
lPennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 3, p. 211n; Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Cadwallader Collection, Bond Papers
3Phillip Wright, Monumental Inscriptions of Jamaica (Society of Genealogists, 1966), p. 64; Capt. J.H. Lawrence-Archer, Monumental Inscriptions of the British West Indies (London: Chatto & Windus, 1875), p. 252-3.
4Alexander S. Salley, Ed. Warrants for land in South Carolina, 1680-1692, Vol. 2, p. 194 (1915)
5Hon. John Moore's Will-Register of Wills, Philadelphia-W272 (Will Book C, p. 201); Ann (Axtell) Boone's Will-Records of Probate Court, Charleston, SC, Book 1747-52, P. 460.
6Documents containing the seals of Hon. John Moore and his son, William Moore at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Manuscript Section, Cadwallader Collection, Bond Papers.
7In referring to the Moores in America, I refer only to the descendants of Hon. John Moore of SC & PA.
8Public Record Office, London-Thomas Moore (d. 1733) Prob. II-663; Ann (Moore) Sear (proved 1758) Prob. 11-839; Richard Sear (proved 1743) Prob. 11-726.
9HSP, Cadwallader Collection, Bond Papers, Wm. Moore folder
10Alfred V. Wittmeyer, ed. Registers of the Births, Marriages, and Deaths, of the "Eglise Francoise a la Nouvelle York" from 1688 to 1804 (Baltimore, GPC, 1968)
Selected Bibliography and Resources
Joseph L. Chester, ed. The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or Abbey of St. Peter, Westminster (London: 1876)
G.F. Russell Barker and Alan H. Stenning, compilers The Record of Old Westminsters, Vol. 11, Chiswick Press (London: 1929)
Joseph Foster, ed. Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, multiple volumes, Krause Reprint Unlimited (Liechtenstein: 1968)
John Venn and J. A- Venn, compilers Alumni Cantabrigienses (Cambridge University), multiple volumes, Krause Reprint (Liechtenstein: 1974)
Parish Records of St. Bride's, Fleet Street, London, 1653-1714, microfilm #0380155 ordered from the LDS Family History Library, Salt Lake City
Lawrence E. Tanner, ed. The Register of St. Margaret's, Westminster, 1660-1675, printed in Publications of the Harleian Society, Vol. 64 (1934)
Capt. J. H. Lawrence-Archer, comp. Monumental Inscriptions of the British West Indies, Chatto and Windus (London: 1875)
Records in the British Public Record Office Relating to South Carolina printed for The Historical Commission of South Carolina, Foote & Davis Co. (Atlanta: 1928) Vol. 1-1663-1684, Vol. 11-1685-1690, Vol. 111-1691-1697
South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vols.1 through 42 (1900-1941)
A. S. Salley, ed. Warrants for Land in South Carolina (np, 1915)
A. S. Salley, ed. Journal of the Grand Council of South Carolina The State Company (Columbia: 1907)
Agnes L. Baldwin, First Settlers of South Carolina, 1670-1700 Southern Historical Press (1985)
South Caroliniana Library, Manuscript Collections, University of SC, Columbia (for Colleton/Moore correspondence)
Anne King Gregorie, ed. Records of the Court of Chancery of South Carolina 1671-1779 American Historical Assoc. (Washington, DC: 1950)
M. Eugene Sirmans, "Politics in Colonial South Carolina, The Failure of Proprietary Reform, 1682-1694", William &Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 23 (1966)
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Manuscript Section, various collections-primarily the Cadwallader and Gratz Collections for Hon. John Moore and William Moore of Moore Hall documents.
John Frederick Lewis, The History of an Old Philadelphia Land Title: 208 South Fourth
Street (Philadelphia: 1934)
Scharf & Westcott, History of Philadelphia, Vol. 3
Charles Keith, Chronicles of Pennsylvania (1917)
Charles Keith, "The Founding of Christ Church, Philadelphia", Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 54 (1930)
Christ Church Archives, Philadelphia-Registers of Birth, Marriage, Burial; original Deeds; microfilm of early Church records & Vestry minutes. Surviving Registers date from 1709, Vestry minutes date from April 1717.
Edward L. Clark, A Record of the Inscriptions on the Tablets and Grave-stones in the Burial Grounds of Christ Church, Philadelphia, Collins, Printer (Philadelphia: 1864)
William H. Egle, Early Pennsylvania Land Records Minutes of the Board of Property of
The Province of Pennsylvania, reprint (1976)
Lawrence Lewis, "The Courts of Pennsylvania in the Seventeenth Century", Pennsylvania Mag. of Hist. & Biog., Vol. 5 (188 1)
John Hill Martin, Bench and Bar of Philadelphia, Rees Welsh & Co. (Philadelphia: 1883)
These books contain valuable genealogical data but must be read very carefully to separate fact from fancy.
David Moore Hall, comp. Six Centuries of Moores of Fawley (Richmond: 1904)
Horace Wemyss Smith, The Life and Correspondence of the Rev. William Smith, D. D., S. .A. George & Co. (Philadelphia: 1879)
To the Reader: Since the information I have presented in this issue is contrary to what has always been believed to be true of the ancestry of Hon. John Moore of South Carolina and Pennsylvania, I encourage comment, questions, debate and thoughtful criticism. Any carefully documented challenge to the lineage as I have presented it will be considered, verified and published in a future issue of the Chronicles.