Monday, January 25, 2010

James Edwin Webb

[EDITOR'S NOTE]: For those of you who attended the 1991 West Point Reunion, do you remember visiting the Thayer Award Room?  One of those who was given this prestigious award was a member of our Stephen Moore Family.  James E. Webb received that recognition in 1981.  In addition, Webb was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Lyndon Johnson in 1969.  His recognition continues to this day, as the future telescope that follows the Hubble was named the James Webb Space Telescope in 2002.  Thanks to Thompson Webb, III who directed me to this site.

[From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, accessed 24 January 2010.]

James Edwin Webb (October 7, 1906 – March 27, 1992) was the second administrator of NASA, serving from February 14, 1961 to October 7, 1968.

Webb oversaw NASA from the beginning of the Kennedy administration through the end of the Johnson administration, thus overseeing all the critical first manned launches in the Mercury through Gemini programs, until just before the first manned Apollo flight. He also dealt with the Apollo 1 fire.

The planned scientific probe (launch now scheduled 2014) originally called the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST) was renamed in 2002 as the James Webb Space Telescope to honor Webb's memory.


Early years

Webb was born in the hamlet of "Tally Ho", Granville County, North Carolina; Webb completed his college education at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he received an A.B. degree in education in 1928. He was a member of the Acacia Fraternity. Webb became a second lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps, and he served as a Marine Corps pilot on active duty in 1930-32. Webb then studied law at the The George Washington University Law School in 1934-36, and he was admitted to the Bar of the District of Columbia in 1936.


Webb enjoyed a long career in public service in Washington, D.C., first serving as a secretary to the North Carolina Congressman Edward W. Pou, in 1932-34. He next served as an assistant in the office of O. Max Gardner, an attorney and former governor of North Carolina, in 1934-36. In 1936, Webb became the personnel director, the secretary-treasurer, and later the vice president of the Sperry Gyroscope Company in Brooklyn, New York, before he re-entered the Marine Corps in 1944 during World War II.

After World War II, Webb returned to Washington and served as executive assistant to O. Max Gardner, by then an Under Secretary in the U.S. Department of the Treasury, before being named as the director of the Bureau of the Budget in the Office of the President of the United States, a position that he held until 1949. President Harry S. Truman next requested for Mr. Webb to serve as an Under Secretary of State in the U.S. Department of State. When the Truman administration ended in January 1953, Webb left Washington, D.C., for a position in the Kerr-McGee Oil Corp. in Oklahoma City, but he was still active in government circles, for instance serving on the Draper Committee in 1958.


Webb returned to Washington in 1961 when he accepted the position of the Administrator of NASA. Under his direction, the agency undertook to achieve the goal set by President John F. Kennedy of landing an American on the Moon before the end of the decade of the 1960s through the success of the Apollo program. For seven years after President Kennedy's May 25, 1961, announcement of the goal of a manned lunar landing, through October 1968, Webb endeavored for support for NASA in Congress. As a longtime Washington insider, and with the backing of President Lyndon B. Johnson, he was able to acquire continued support for and resources to accomplish the Apollo Moon landing on the schedule President Kennedy had announced.
During his administration, NASA developed from a loose collection of research centers into a coordinated organization. Webb had a key role in creating the Manned Spacecraft Center, later, the Johnson Space Center, near Houston, Texas. Despite the pressures to focus on the Apollo program, Webb ensured that NASA carried out a meaningful program of planetary exploration with the Mariner and Pioneer space probe programs.
NASA Distinguished Service Award and medal
Webb was in the leadership of NASA during the Apollo 1 accident in 1967. Webb told the media at the time, "We've always known that something like this was going to happen sooner or later. ... Who would have thought that the first tragedy would be on the ground?" Webb went to President Johnson and asked that NASA be allowed to handle the accident investigation, and to direct its recovery from the accident. He promised to be truthful in assessing blame, and he pledged to assign that to himself and NASA management, as appropriate. The agency set out to discover the details of the tragedy, to correct problems, and to continue its progress to the Apollo 11 lunar landing.

Webb reported his investigation's findings to various Congressional committees, and he took a personal grilling at nearly every meeting. Whether by happenstance or by design, Webb managed to deflect some of the backlash over the accident away from both NASA as an agency and from the Johnson administration. As a result, NASA's image and popular support were largely undamaged.

However, Webb was a Democrat tied closely to Johnson, and, with Johnson choosing not to run for reelection, decided to step down as administrator as this would allow the next president to choose his own administrator. [1]

Webb was informed by CIA sources in 1968 that the Soviet Union was developing its own heavy N1 rocket for a manned lunar mission, and he directed the MSFC to prepare Apollo 8 for a possible lunar orbital mission in 1968. At the time Webb's assertions about the Soviet Union's abilities were doubted by some people, and the N-1 was dubbed "Webb's Giant". However later revelations about the Soviet Moonshot - after the collapse of the USSR - have given support to Webb's conclusion. Webb left NASA in October 1968, just before the first manned flight in the Apollo Program was scheduled for launch.

In 1969, Webb was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Lyndon Johnson.

Personal life

After retiring from NASA, Webb remained in Washington, D.C., serving on several advisory boards, including serving as a regent of the Smithsonian Institution. In 1981, he was awarded the prestigious Sylvanus Thayer Award by the United States Military Academy at West Point for his dedication to his country.

Webb was married to Patsy Aiken Douglas in 1938, and they had two children: Sarah Gorham Webb (b. 1945), and James Edwin Webb, Jr., (b. 1947). He died in 1992, and was buried in the Arlington National Cemetery.


In the 1998 miniseries, From the Earth to the Moon, Webb was played by Dan Lauria.

NASA's planned James Webb Space Telescope was renamed in Webb's honor in 2002. The telescope is referred to as "the Hubble successor".


• W. Henry Lambright, Powering Apollo: James E. Webb of NASA; Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995; ISBN 0-8018-6205-1

• Piers Bizony, The man who ran the moon: James E Webb, NASA, and the secret history of project Apollo; New York: Thunder's mouth press, 2006; ISBN 1-56025-751-2


1. Webb oral biography. Transcript, James E. Webb Oral History Interview I, 1969/04/29, by T. H. Baker, Internet Copy, LBJ Library. Accessed May 28, 2009.

2. Portions of this article are based on public domain text from NASA.

3. Encyclopaedia Britannica, James Edwin Webb

4. Transcript, James E. Webb Oral History Interview I, 4/29/69, by T. H. Baker, Internet Copy, LBJ Library.

Monday, January 18, 2010

Gilbert Moore Bible

As many of you know by now, Stephen was my 4-great grandfather, Robert was my 3-great grandfather, and Gilbert was my 2-great grandfather.  Gilbert Moore married Levina Satterfield on the 19th October 1830 and this is their bible.

Through many years of handling, the bible is in very fragile condition today.  It still retains its leather binding and the engraving on the cover is remarkably good.

The first pages of the old testament are now gone, and the pages have loosened from the binding as seen here:

Fortunately, since there exists no title page to the old testament, there is one for the new testament which allows us to know the publisher [H&E Phinney, Cooperstown, NY] and date of publication [1832]:

The Family Record section in the middle of the bible gives us quite a bit of information.  On page one under Marriages, is listed the following information: "Gilbert Moore & Levina Satterfield was married the 19th Oct. 1830 ~"

Page two lists Births
Francis Ann Moore was
   Born 23rd July 1831
Radford Robert Moore
   was born 7th March 1833
James William Moore was
   Born 13th September 1835
Thomas Barnett Moore was
   Born 4th August 1837
George Lewis Moore was
   Born 4th Stept. 1839.
George Washington Moore was
   born 5th July 1841
Sarah Elizabeth Moore
   was born 15th June 1843
Martha Jane Moore
   was born July 15, 1845
Mary C. Moore
   was born Augt 8th 1848

Page three also shows Births, but these appear to be the births of their slaves:
         Af  Blacks

Mary's children
Eliza was born August 1st
Mahaley was born 27th
   July 1842
Lcory ~ was born April
   8th 1845.
Mary Susan was
   born 23 Sept [smudged] 1856

Page four in the Family Record lists
George Lewis Moore died
   27th Sept. 1840
Robert R. Moore died
   Sept 17th 1862 in the
   Battle of Sharpsburg
Thomas T. Satterfield
   died Sept 4th 1872
Lavina Moore died
   december the 23 1882
   in the 79 year of
   her age
Gilbert Moore
   died July the 5
   1883 in the 78 year
   of his age
[Ed. note: Robert R. Moore and Thomas T. Satterfield are very faint pencil entries. Lavina and Gilbert made bold as senior members of the family.]

Copyright © January, 2010 by David E. Jeffreys.